Title

Nanoscale Depth-Resolved Cathodoluminescence Spectroscopy of ZnO Surfaces and Metal Interfaces

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

Abstract

The electronic properties of ZnO surfaces and interfaces has until recently been relatively unexplored. We have used a complement of ultrahigh vacuum scanning electron microscope (SEM)-based, depth-resolved cathodoluminescence spectroscopy (DRCLS), temperature-dependent charge transport, trap spectroscopy, and surface science techniques to probe the electronic and chemical properties of clean surfaces and interfaces on a nanometer scale. DRCLS reveals remarkable nanoscale correlations of native point defect distributions with surface and sub-surface defects calibrated with capacitance trap spectroscopies, atomic force microscopy, and Kelvin probe force microscopy. The measurement of these near-surface states associated with native point defects in the ZnO bulk and those induced by interface chemical bonding is a powerful extension of cathodoluminescence spectroscopy that provides a guide to understanding and controlling ZnO electronic contacts.

DOI

10.1016/j.spmi.2008.11.008