Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Nathan Bowling (Advisor), Gary Burns (Committee Member), Debra Steele-Johnson (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


In the current paper, I examined insufficient effort responding (IER) as a substantive construct rather than as a methodological nuisance as other researchers have done. Specifically, I focused on the relationship between personality traits and IER and the temporal and situational stability of IER. I hypothesized that agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and extraversion would be negatively associated with IER and that neuroticism would be positively related to IER. Also, I predicted that the extent to which a given participant engages in IER would be relatively stable across time and across tasks. The current sample (N = 288) consisted of students from undergraduate psychology courses at a public university in the Midwestern United States. I found little evidence that Five-Factor Model (FFM; McCrae & Costa, 1987) traits were related to IER and no support for IER being stable across tasks. However, I found evidence suggesting that IER was stable across time. I discussed theoretical and practical implications of the study as well as future research directions.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Psychology

Year Degree Awarded