Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

David Dolson (Committee Member), Steven Higgins (Advisor), Ioana Sizemore (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


To better understand the role of spectator ions in barite growth, the kinetics of step edge growth on barite (001) surfaces were studied under various salt solutions. Hydrothermal Atomic Force Microscopy (HAFM) was used to investigate the effect of background electrolytes (NaCl, NaBr and NaNO3) as a function of saturation index and ionic strength (I) on barite growth sourced at dislocations at 108 oC. Results show that hillock morphology is affected by I, as well as type of anion, where the prevalence of steps aligned on the [010] direction is highest under Cl- There is a modest increase in kinetic coefficient of 55-130% with a ten-fold increase in I for each salt. In comparing the kinetic coefficients of the salts at low ionic strength (0.01 M), there is a moderate difference, suggesting that the anion may play a role in barium attachment.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Chemistry

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Chemistry Commons