Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Gokce Ergun (Committee Chair), LaTrelle Jackson (Committee Member), Hyejin Kim (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)


Clients are often asked to fill out paperwork in medical settings, but varying reading levels can affect the ability to self-report. By screening for literacy level, clinicians can prevent potential patient confusion, frustration, and embarrassment. Clinicians can also avoid problems leading to misdiagnosis and providing materials that patients will not be able to understand or follow. The Wide Range Achievement Test – Fourth Edition (WRAT4) Word Reading subtest provides an estimation of literacy level as well as an estimation of premorbid ability. The North American Adult Reading Test (NAART) only provides an estimation of premorbid abilities, but it is quick to administer and available in the public domain. By correlating these word reading measures (NAART & WRAT4 Word Reading subtest), literacy level can be determined by using the NAART alone. This project was a systematic replication of a study conducted by Jones, Proto, Musso, Barker, and Gouvier (2012) using a demographically-different sample of participants. Results indicate that NAART error scores and WRAT4 Word Reading subtest raw scores were significantly correlated. Although the distributions of WRAT4 Word Reading subtest raw scores from the Jones et al. (2012) study and the current study significantly differed, there was not a statistically significant difference between the proportion of predicted reading levels below/at or above fourth or fifth grade and actual reading levels below/at or above fourth or fifth grade. This finding suggests that the original regression equation created by Jones et al. (2012) can be applied to the current sample to accurately predict reading classification.

Page Count


Department or Program

School of Professional Psychology

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Psychology Commons