J. Ashot Kozak, Ph.D. (Advisor); Mauricio Di Fulvio, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Kathrin L. Engisch, Ph.D. (Committee Member)
Master of Science (MS)
Magnesium is an important divalent metal cation that is involved in numerous cellular functions. The details of cellular Mg2+ regulation, homeostasis and transport remain unclear. Magnesium transporter protein (MagT1) is a Mg2+ transporter and deficiency of this protein has been reported to lead to impaired Mg2+ influx and a decreased cytoplasmic [Mg2+]. Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) is a ubiquitously expressed membrane protein containing a channel pore and a C-terminal alpha-type serine/threonine protein kinase domain. Importantly, TRPM7 channel is believed to conduct both Mg2+ and Ca2+. In the present study, we investigated if TRPM7 can be used as a bioassay of internal and external Mg2+ in Jurkat T cells. We have investigated the long term effects of Mg2+ changes on TRPM7 channel activity. Under physiological conditions, cytoplasmic Mg2+ concentrations of 0.1 – 0.3 mM are sufficient to inhibit the majority of TRPM7 channels. Extracellular Mg2+ blocks inward TRPM7 currents carried by monovalent cations. When the cytoplasmic Mg2+ concentration is reduced, TRPM7 channels open and produce an outwardly-rectifying current. We find that the extent of TRPM7 current activation can be used effectively to estimate changes of cytoplasmic Mg2+ concentration. Our findings can be extended to cell types other than Jurkat T cells.
Department or Program
Department of Neuroscience, Cell Biology, and Physiology
Year Degree Awarded
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