Rebecca Edwards, Ph.D. (Advisor); Bruce Laforse, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Jeanette Marchand, Ph.D. (Committee Member)
Master of Humanities (MHum)
Modern scholarship has fiercely contested the motivations of Italian rebels during the Social War. Generally speaking, three camps have formed concerning this issue: those who strictly follow the sources in arguing that the allies fought against Rome to obtain full citizenship under her rule, those who believe the rebels sought independence rather than citizenship, and those who believe that rebel actions were inspired by differing motivations. By building upon the scholarship of Dart and Salmon, I believe we will see that many of the allies were willing to fight against the empire for a place of privilege within it. Many Italians were unsatisfied with the vague promises the Romans made at the conclusion of the Social War and continued to fight in Rome’s civil wars with the aim of gaining true political equality.
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