Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Liam Anderson, Ph.D. (Committee Chair); Carlos Costa, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Vaughn Shannon, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


This research develops a novel model for external actors’ support for separatists.Three variables measuring external actors’ support are identified through two case studies, Kosovo Liberation Army and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, with an emphasis on Military Aid’s impact. The variables are then applied to a quantitative analysis of external actors’ support in a dataset of 75 observations during the years 1991-2020, utilizing the Uppsala Conflict Data Program External Support Dataset. The findings for this research show that Military Aid and Moral Support improve the probability of survival for a separatist group. A deeper analysis reveals that military aid among the three major powers (People’s Republic of China, United States of America, Russian Federation) does not have a greater impact. Finally, the PRC’s Moral Support has a stronger impact than the USA’s and RF’s Moral Support.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Political Science; International Relations

Year Degree Awarded