Publication Date

2022

Document Type

Dissertation

Committee Members

Corey E. Miller, Ph.D. (Committee Chair); David LaHuis, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Nathan Bowling, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Gary Burns, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Abstract

Personality measures have been used for decades to predict many important workplace outcomes, however, the literature reveals weak predictive validities (Barrick et al., 2001; Morgeson et al., 2007). This study investigates metaperceptions, or an individual’s belief about how others perceive them (Laing et al., 1966), to determine if they are a more effective predictor of behavioral outcomes than the typical self-report measures used today. Metaperceptions capture a different perspective than classic self-reports and other-reports, and therefore may measure a different source of construct relevant variance. Using a student sample (N = 181), we tested three main hypotheses: (1) combining self-ratings, informant-ratings, and metaperceptions together will result in better prediction of behavioral outcomes than self-ratings alone, (2) there will be evidence of generalized meta-accuracy, meaning the correlation between metaperceptions and informant-reports will be significantly stronger than the correlation between self-reports and informant reports, and (3) metaperceptions will provide significant incremental variance in predicting behavioral outcomes above self-ratings and informant-ratings. Ultimately, we found mixed support for the three hypotheses. However, we found three very important implications from this research. First, metaperceptions can be used to capture a different source of construct-relevant variance than regular self-reports. Second, this study had provided further evidence that a person’s self-concept is different than their metaperception. Third, this study has provided evidence that the effectiveness of self-reports in comparison to metaperceptions may be dependent on the specific trait being measured. We recommend expanding research on metaperceptions in the future.

Page Count

156

Department or Program

Department of Psychology

Year Degree Awarded

2022


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