Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Liam Anderson, Ph.D. (Committee Chair); Carlos E. Costa, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Vaughn Shannon, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


The politics of LGBTQ+ inclusion has undergone significant transformations worldwide, reflecting evolving societal attitudes, advancements in human rights, and the increasing global recognition of LGBTQ+ rights. However, the politics of LGBTQ+ inclusion in Africa presents a diverse and intricate landscape, characterized by variations in attitudes, legal frameworks, and societal acceptance across the continent. This study explores the complex and evolving dynamics of Anti-LGBTQ+ laws in Africa, with some countries making strides towards LGBTQ+ inclusion by repealing colonial-era legislation, while others have become more repressive. Notably, countries such as Angola, Cape Verde, Lesotho, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe, and Seychelles have amended their laws to promote LGBTQ+ tolerance, while Mauritania, Uganda, Nigeria, and Somalia still enforce severe penalties, including the death penalty, for same-sex relationships. Understanding the impact of these laws on development is crucial, particularly in their intersection with foreign aid, migration patterns, and a state's overall image and development trajectory. Through a quantitative analysis using a cross-sectional time series generalized linear model from 2001 to 2020, this study examines the relationship between the adoption of anti-LGBTQ+ laws and foreign aid, as well as migration.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Political Science

Year Degree Awarded