Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Nathan Bowling (Committee Chair), Gary Burns (Committee Member), Melissa Gruys (Committee Member), David Lahuis (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Previous studies on frame-of-reference effects have focused on domain-specific personality measures as predictors of performance in North America. The current study expands on this research by comparing work-specific and general personality as predictors of CWBs and OCBs in an East Asian culture (i.e., China). Consistent with the literature on frame-of-reference effects in personality assessment, I found that three Big Five personality dimensions, including agreeableness, conscientiousness, and emotional stability, were significantly related with OCBs and CWBs. Also, use of a frame of reference that is conceptually relevant to the criterion led to increased validity as a result of the decrement in between-subject variability and within-subject inconsistency. Finally, results indicated that work-specific personality mediated the relationships between general personality and extra-role behaviors and that work-specific personality yielded significant incremental relationships with extra-role behaviors even after general personality is controlled.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Psychology

Year Degree Awarded