Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Jerry Clark (Committee Member), Gary Cook (Committee Member), Dean Evans (Committee Member), Gregory Kozlowski (Advisor)

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Two classes of materials were investigated as possible replacements for the bulk photorefractive windows in inorganic-organic hybrid cells: thin films and polymers. Each material was fabricated and subsequently characterized using two different methods due to their different stages of development. The thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction while the polymers were characterized by two-beam coupling. Thin films of strontium barium niobate and potassium niobate were grown, using pulsed laser deposition, on four different substrates. It was found that it was possible to grow a thin film of potassium niobate in the correct orientation to replace a bulk photorefractive window. The characterization of the polymers with the use of two beam-coupling showed they required too high of voltages in order to achieve the photorefractive effect and also had sub-optimal phase-shift.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Physics

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Physics Commons