Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Soon Chung (Advisor)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Grid has emerged recently as an integration infrastructure for the sharing and coordinated use of diverse resources in dynamic, distributed virtual organizations (VOs). A Data Grid is an architecture for the access, exchange, and sharing of data in the Grid environment. In this dissertation, role-based access control (RBAC) systems for heterogeneous data resources in Data Grid systems are proposed. The Open Grid Services Architecture - Data Access and Integration (OGSA-DAI) is a widely used framework for the integration of heterogeneous data resources in Grid systems.

However, in the OGSA-DAI system, access control causes substantial administration overhead for resource providers in VOs because each of them has to manage the authorization information for individual Grid users. Its identity-based access control mechanisms are severely inefficient and too complicated to manage because the direct mapping between users and privileges is transitory. To solve this problem, (1) the Community Authorization Service (CAS), provided by the Globus toolkit, and (2) the Shibboleth, an attribute authorization service, are used to support RBAC in the OGSA-DAI system. The Globus Toolkit is widely used software for building Grid systems.

Access control policies need to be specified and managed across multiple VOs. For this purpose, the Core and Hierarchical RBAC profile of the eXtensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) is used; and for distributed administration of those policies, the Object, Metadata and Artifacts Registry (OMAR) is used. OMAR is based on the e-business eXtensible Markup Language (ebXML) registry specifications developed to achieve interoperable registries and repositories.

The RBAC systems allow quick and easy deployments, privacy protection, and the centralized and distributed management of privileges. They support scalable, interoperable and fine-grain access control services; dynamic delegation of rights; and user-role assignments. They also reduce the administration overheads for resource providers because they need to maintain only the mapping information from VO roles to local database roles. Resource providers maintain the ultimate authority over their resources. Moreover, unnecessary mapping and connections can be avoided by denying invalid requests at the VO level. Performance analysis shows that our RBAC systems add only a small overhead to the existing security infrastructure of OGSA-DAI.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Computer Science and Engineering

Year Degree Awarded