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Workload has long been associated with human performance in aviation. High workload is typically viewed as a system design problem. The aim of this work was to find observable behaviors that guard cognitive resource margins; thus, improve handling of perturbations that arise. Twelve commercial airline flight crews participated in an experiment at NASA Langley Research Center. We explored self-reported workload data (NASA Task Load Index) after completing flight simulation scenarios to see how different individuals, using the same technologies, cope with challenging situations. A trained observer (from the same airline as the study participants) assessed performance. We differentiated a lower workload crew from a higher workload crew and analyzed their workload and performance. Results indicate that the workload may be a component of pilots’ resilient performance. Initial strategies that reduced workload were classified and these types of behaviors, if implemented correctly, might assist pilots in maintaining functional workload resource margins.