Increased Risk of Hip Fracture Mortality Associated With Intraoperative Hypotension in Elderly Hip Fracture Patients Is Related to Under Resuscitation
As the US and world population ages, hip fractures are increasingly more common. The mortality associated with these fractures remains high both in the immediate postoperative period and at one year. Perioperative resuscitation in this population is of key interest to prevent organ injury and mortality. Our objectives were to evaluate the effect of fluid resuscitation and hemodynamic status in the form of mean arterial pressure (MAP) on inpatient mortality of hip fracture patients.
An institutional database was queried to compare elderly hip fracture patients that sustained in-hospital mortality to a matched control cohort. Pre-, intra-, and post-operative intravenous fluid (IVF) administration and MAP were extracted from the electronic medical record. Time from hospital presentation to the OR was also recorded.
1,114 total hip fractures were identified during the two-year study period, 16 of which suffered inpatient mortalities. The mortality cohort was then matched with a control of 394 hip fracture patients for the same period based on age, sex, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Conditional logistical regression analysis found odds ratios (OR) indicating that longer time between presentation and surgery (OR per additional hour: 1.05; 95% CI: 1.01–1.08) and lower intraoperative minimum MAP (OR per 5 mmHg decrease: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.61–0.97) were associated with significantly increased odds of mortality. There was also a marginal relationship between greater intraoperative IVF administration and reduced odds of mortality (OR per 500 cc additional fluid: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.37–1.00).
Extended time from presentation to surgery and intraoperative hypotension were associated with increased likelihood of inpatient mortality in an elderly hip fracture cohort, with a possible additional effect of under-resuscitation. Further investigation into a safe intraoperative minimum MAP should be pursued.
Henningsen, J. D.,
Froehle, A. W.,
& Prayson, M. J.
(2022). Increased Risk of Hip Fracture Mortality Associated With Intraoperative Hypotension in Elderly Hip Fracture Patients Is Related to Under Resuscitation. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 26, 101783.