Optimization of Microstructure Development: Application to Hot Metal Extrusion

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A new process design method for controlling microstructure development during hot metal deformation processes is presented. This approach is based on modern control theory and involves state- space models for describing the material behavior and the mechanics of the process. The challenge of effectively controlling the values and distribution of important microstructural features can now be systematically formulated and solved in terms of an optimal control problem. This method has been applied to the optimization of grain size and certain process parameters such as die geometry profile and ram velocity during extrusion of plain carbon steel. Various case studies have been investigated, and experimental results show good agreement with those predicted in the design stage.



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