The Local Slip Length and Flow Fields Over Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces
The local slip behavior and flow fields near the gas-liquid interface (GLI) of a Newtonian liquid flowing past a superhydrophobic surface with periodic rectangular grooves are investigated using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The saturated vapor of the liquid fills the groove to form the GLI. A flat GLI is introduced by carefully adjusting the channel height to make the liquid bulk pressure equal to the coexistence pressure. The setup with the flat GLI allows for an accurate determination of the local slip velocity, shear rate and slip length. We find that the local slip velocity and shear rate at the GLI are well described by the elliptical and exponential functions, respectively. By directly computing the local slip length from the local flow fields, we propose a novel distribution function for the slip length along the GLI for both transverse and longitudinal flows. Moreover, we demonstrate that the relationship between the local and the effective slip lengths in the transverse and longitudinal cases deviates from the continuum assumptions as the groove width is reduced to the nanoscale dimensions. The functional form for the local slip length can be potentially used as a boundary condition in the continuum analysis without considering the explicitly gas flow in the grooves of superhydrophobic surfaces.
Priezjev, N. V.,
& Hu, H.
(2020). The Local Slip Length and Flow Fields Over Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 126, 103258.