By using deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS), deep centers have been characterized in unintentionally doped n-GaN samples grown by metalorganic chemical-vapor deposition and subjected to inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching. At least six DLTS traps exist in the control sample: A1 (∼0.90 eV), Ax (∼0.72 eV), B (0.61 eV), C1 (0.44 eV), D (0.25 eV), and E1 (0.17 eV), with B dominant. Then, as the etching bias-voltage increases from −50 to −150 V, trap D increases strongly and becomes dominant, while traps A1, C (0.34 eV), and E1 increase at a slower rate. Trap B, on the other hand, is nearly unchanged. Previous electron-irradiation studies are consistent with the E1 traps being N-vacancy related. It is likely that the D traps are also, except that they are in the regions of dislocations.
Look, D. C.,
Wang, X. L.,
Khan, F. A.,
& Adesida, I.
(2003). Plasma-Etching-Enhanced Deep Centers in n-GaN Grown by Metalorganic Chemical-Vapor Deposition. Applied Physics Letters, 82 (10), 1562-1564.