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Rose Maxwell


As medical scientific technologies evolve, numerous medical tests help not only physicians with their clinical judgment, but also patients by empowering them with more knowledge of their own health. An example is Genetic Carrier Screening (GCS) [1-2]. Genetic Carrier Screening (GCS) is a genetic test that allows patients to find out if they carry genes for certain genetic disorders. The results of the test enable patients to make changes to their family planning decisions and prenatal care when appropriate and allow them the opportunity to seek further medical and social support [3]. The clinical utility of GCS is evident in the significant decrease in the number of Tay-Sachs disease incidences between 1970 and 2000 (a 90% decrease) and decreases in the number of newborns born with cystic fibrosis and thalassemia since the development of GCS in 1970s [4-7].