Amber Todd and Jeanette Manger
Introduction: Asthma is a prevalent disease in the US in both children and adults. Studies in the past have found disparities in asthma prevalence among different races in the United States as well as between gender. Objective: Compare asthma prevalence among racial and ethnic groups in the us, as well as gender, in the United States in both children and adults in the years of 2011 and 2014. Additionally, to see if there is a correlation between air quality, measured in PM2.5mm, and asthma prevalence in different racial groups and genders in both children and adults. Methods: Asthma prevalence data from 2011 and 2014 were obtained from the CDC National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Air quality data from 2011 and 2014 were obtained from the Environmental Protection Agency. Data was analyzed with ANOVA and Post-hoc tests, and Pearson correlation testing using SPSS. Results: Preliminary results from the ANOVA test suggest disparities among racial and ethnic groups, and gender in both children and adults, with p< .05. Pearson correlation for racial and ethnic groups, gender, and air quality show a weak to no correlation, <.3, among adults in 2011 and 2014. Pearson correlation for racial and ethnic groups, gender, and air quality show varying degrees of correlation, among children in 2011 and 2014. Results indicate further research should be conducted to determine the extent of asthma disparities between racial and ethnic groups, as well as gender, in both adults and in children.
Nadal Medina, C. B. (2020). Health Disparities Surrounding Air Quality and Asthma. Wright State University. Dayton, Ohio.