Objective: Previous literature have found mixed results regarding poverty as a risk factor for asthma prevalence. More recently, national data obtained from Medicaid has shown that there is no association between poverty and asthma prevalence but has shown an association with asthma-related Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. The objective of this study is to determine if this relationship is evident amongst the 88 counties in Ohio. Methods: Pearson correlations were conducted with the following variables: percent in poverty under age 18 and the ED visit rate with a primary diagnosis of asthma amongst children in each Ohio county. This data was further characterized by urban and rural counties and statistical analysis repeated. Results: There is an association between poverty and ED visit rates for children with the primary diagnosis of asthma in urban counties within Ohio (r = 0.421; p<0.01).
Schneider, E. (2022). Relationship between Poverty and ED Visit Rate (per 10,000) with Primary Diagnosis of Asthma Amongst Ohio Counties. Wright State University. Dayton, Ohio.