Pascal Hitzler and Anthony K. Seda
Covering the authors’ own state-of-the-art research results, Mathematical Aspects of Logic Programming Semantics presents a rigorous, modern account of the mathematical methods and tools required for the semantic analysis of logic programs. It significantly extends the tools and methods from traditional order theory to include nonconventional methods from mathematical analysis that depend on topology, domain theory, generalized distance functions, and associated fixed-point theory.
The book covers topics spanning the period from the early days of logic programming to current times. It discusses applications to computational logic and potential applications to the integration of models of computation, knowledge representation and reasoning, and the Semantic Web. The authors develop well-known and important semantics in logic programming from a unified point of view using both order theory and new, nontraditional methods. They closely examine the interrelationships between various semantics as well as the integration of logic programming and connectionist systems/neural networks.
For readers interested in the interface between mathematics and computer science, this book offers a detailed development of the mathematical techniques necessary for studying the semantics of logic programs. It illustrates the main semantics of logic programs and applies the methods in the context of neural-symbolic integration.
Steffen Holldobler, Sebastian Bader, Bertram Fronhofer, Ursula Hans, Pascal Hitzler, Markus Krotzsch, and Tobias Pietzsch
Harry J. Khamis
The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.
The Whites of Their Eyes: Bunker Hill, the First American Army, and the Emergence of George Washington
Paul D. Lockhart
Drawing upon new research and scholarship, historian Paul Lockhart, author of the critically acclaimed Revolutionary War biography The Drillmaster of Valley Forge, offers a penetrating reassessment of the first major engagement of the American Revolution. In the tradition of David McCullough’s 1776, Lockhart illuminates the Battle of Bunker Hill as a crucial event in the creation of an American identity, dexterously interweaving the story of this pivotal pitched battle with two other momentous narratives: the creation of America’s first army, and the rise of the man who led it, George Washington.
Without question, reference collections have changed. We are in the midst of a paradigm shift where publishers are focusing on a future with electronic content and full-text interfaces; classic reference sources are being transformed into online interactive products; and the use of print continues to decline. Despite this relentless shift, some libraries cannot afford a complete transformation to e-reference and depend on print and free Web-based sources for added support. Students, however, are turning to search engines and Wikipedia as starting points for their research, leaving vetted content out-of-sight, and consequently, out-of-mind.
E-Reference Context and Discoverability in Libraries: Issues and Concepts consists of over 20 informative chapters by librarians, publishers, and other industry professionals that propose new ideas for reinventing reference collections and interfaces to fit the needs of today’s researchers. The chapters examine the issues of reference context and discoverability in school, public, and academic libraries, as well as within the reference publishing community. Librarians, publishers, and those studying library and information science are the book’s primary audience, but others in the information industry, particularly those with an interest in reference, will find significant value here as well.
Amit P. Sheth
This book offers suggestions, solutions, and recommendations for new and emerging research in Semantic Web technology, focusing broadly on methods and techniques for making the Web more useful and meaningful.
Maher S. Amer
Two fundamental discoveries have recently started a new era of scientific research: the discovery of fullerenes and the development of single-molecule imaging capabilities. The discovery of fullerenes with their unique properties, highly versatile nature, and many potential applications in materials science, chemistry, physics, opto-electronics, biology, and medicine has launched a new branch of interdisciplinary research known as "nanotechnology." This technology revolutionized the multibillion-dollar field of opto-electronics and is a key to wireless communications, remote sensing, and medical diagnostics, and still has a lot to offer. The development of single-molecule imaging and investigating capabilities provided the means for studying the reactions of complex material systems, and biological molecules in natural systems. The real importance of these discoveries is that they, synergized together, put forward the platform for what can be called "the next industrial revolution" in human history: "nanotechnology."
Healing Language: A Guide for Physicians, Dentists, Nurses, Psychologists, Social Workers, and Counselors
This book is about using healing language and is for all health-care professionals such as physicians, dentists, nurses, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. There are many scenarios with suggested healing language for conditions like life-challenging diseases.
Deborah J. Crusan
Assessment in the Second Language Writing Classroom is a teacher and prospective teacher-friendly book, uncomplicated by the language of statistics. The book is for those who teach and assess second language writing in several different contexts: the IEP, the developmental writing classroom, and the sheltered composition classroom. In addition, teachers who experience a mixed population or teach cross-cultural composition will find the book a valuable resource. Other books have thoroughly covered the theoretical aspects of writing assessment, but none have focused as heavily as this book does on pragmatic classroom aspects of writing assessment. Further, no book to date has included an in-depth examination of the machine scoring of writing and its effects on second language writers.
Crusan not only makes a compelling case for becoming knowledgeable about L2 writing assessment but offers the means to do so. Her highly accessible, thought-provoking presentation of the conceptual and practical dimensions of writing assessment, both for the classroom and on a larger scale, promises to engage readers who have previously found the technical detail of other works on assessment off-putting, as well as those who have had no previous exposure to the study of assessment at all.
John R. Cutcliffe, Kristiina Hyrkas, and John Fowler
The Routledge Handbook of Clinical Supervision provides a global ‘state of the art’ overview of clinical supervision, presenting and examining the most comprehensive, robust empirical evidence upon which to base practice.
John R. Cutcliffe, Hugh McKenna, and Kristiina Hyrkas
Presents a comprehensive explanation of the major nursing models that influence nursing practices. This title focuses on the applications of nursing models to many areas of nursing practice and shows how models can influence the way nurses think and act and how the patients, their families and communities can be enhanced as a result.
Pascal Hitzler, Markus Krotzsch, and Sebastian Rudolph
Covering basic introductions and intuitions, technical details, and formal foundations, this text presents the developments in Semantic Web standards, including RDF, RDF Schema, OWL 2, RIF, and SPARQL. It also explores formal semantics, OWL querying, the relationship between rules and OWL, and ontology engineering and applications.
Miltiadis Lytras and Amit P. Sheth
Unites research on essential theories, models, and applications of Semantic Web research. Contributions focus on mobile ontologies and agents, fuzzy databases, and new approaches to retrieval and evaluation in the Semantic Web.
E-books have been around for more than 10 years but are still a relatively new phenomenon to many librarians and publishers. With the introduction of e-book readers, the e-book has become mainstream, with recent triple-digit annual increases in sales. But what place do they have in the library? In this volume, Sue Polanka brings together a variety of professionals to share their expertise about e-books with librarians and publishers. Providing forward-thinking ideas while remaining grounded in practical information that can be implemented in all kinds of libraries, the topics explored include: (1) An introduction to e-books, the different types, and an overview of their history and development; (2) E-book technology: general features of interfaces and e-book readers, best practices for acquisition, data standards, and how to track usage; and (3) Why e-books are good for learning, and how librarians can market them to a wide range of users, as illustrated by case studies and examples. This collection is a must-read for librarians who wish to understand how e-books fit into today's library. Chapters include: (1) E-books on the Internet (James Galbraith); (2) Student Learning and E-books (Jackie Collier and Susan Berg); (3) E-books in the School Library (Shonda Brisco); (4) E-books in the Public Library (Amy Pawlowski); (5) The Academic Library E-book (Lindsey Schell); (6) Acquiring E-books (Carolyn Morris and Lisa Sibert); (7) The Use and Preservation of E-books (Alice Crosetto); (8) E-book Standards (Emilie Delquie and Sue Polanka); and (9) The Future of Academic Book Publishing: E-books and Beyond (Rolf Janke).
Jonathan I. Singer, James E. Olson, Pamela Olsen, Phyllis Doerger, and Stephanie Carson
A collection of poems by Wright State University Department of Emergency Medicine faculty member, Jonathan Singer, MD with photos by Jim Olson, PhD, Pam Olson, Phyllis Doerger, MD, and Stephanie Carson. First edition.
T. S. Srivatsan, M. Ashraf Imam, and Raghavan Srinivasan
The Second International Symposium of Fatigue of Materials: Advances and Emergences in Understanding is a five-session symposium held in conjunction with the Materials Science and Technology Conference 2012 (MS&T 2012) at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, during October 7-11, 2012. The abstracts that were submitted for presentation at this symposium cover a diverse range of topics. We have made an attempt to group these papers into sessions that focus on closely-related topics. However, as can be expected, many of the papers could fit into more than one session. In the ensuing discussion, we provide a cohesive, complete and compelling overview of the symposium as well as a summary of the abstracts that were submitted.
Session 1 (Overview 1) and Session 2 (Overview II) contain papers that
(i) Review the current state of knowledge both related and relevant to the subject of fatigue behavior of materials, and
(ii) New, innovative, and emerging techniques for experimental evaluation of the fatigue behavior.
In concurrence the papers attempt to analyze the data for aspects relevant to design and simultaneously predicting the useful life of components and structures. Session 3 (Aerospace Materials I) and Session 4 (Aerospace Materials II) focus on advanced materials that are used in performance-critical applications in the aerospace and automotive industries, such as the alloys of titanium, nickel, aluminum, and magnesium. Session 5 is a collection of papers relating to other materials of engineering interest, such as iron and steel, polymer, rubber, and even composites. In the summary presented below, the session number and paper number are identified by S and P.
Topics related to the influence of both processing and the environment are covered in papers presented in all the sessions of this symposium, and are briefly summarized here as a group with additional discussion included in the individual sessions.
Mark Q. Sutton, Kristin D. Sobolik, and Jill Gardner
Paleonutrition is the analysis of prehistoric human diets and the interpretation of dietary intake in relation to health and nutrition. As a field of study, it addresses prehistoric diets in order to determine the biological and cultural implications for individuals as well as for entire populations, placing archaeological interpretations into an anthropological context. Throughout history, and long before written records, human culture has been constantly in flux. The study of paleonutrition provides valuable insights into shifts and changes in human history, whatever their causes.
This is the most comprehensive and up-to-date book on the topic. Intended for students and professionals, it describes the nature of paleonutrition studies, reviews the history of paleonutrition research, discusses methodological issues in the reconstruction of prehistoric diets, presents theoretical frameworks frequently used in paleonutrition research, and showcases examples in which paleonutritional analyses have been successfully conducted on prehistoric individuals, groups, and populations. It offers an integrative approach to understanding state-of-the-art anthropological dietary, health, and nutritional assessments. The most recent and innovative methods used to reconstruct prehistoric diets are discussed, along with the major ways in which paleonutrition data are recovered, analyzed, and interpreted.
Paleonutrition includes five contemporary case studies that provide useful models of how to conduct paleonutrition research. Topics range from ancient diets in medieval Nubia to children’s health in the prehistoric American Southwest to honey use by an ethnographic group of East African foragers. As well as providing interesting examples of applying paleonutrition techniques, these case studies illustrate the mutually beneficial linkages between ethnography and archaeology.
Therese M. Zink
Over the past thirty years, rural health care in the United States has changed dramatically. The stereotypical white-haired doctor with his black bag of instruments and his predominantly white, small-town clientele has imploded: the global age has reached rural America. Independently owned clinics have given way to a massive system of hospitals; new technology now brings specialists right to the patient’s bedside; and an increasingly diverse clientele has sparked the need for doctors and nurses with an equally diverse assortment of skills.
The Country Doctor Revisited is a fascinating collection of essays, poems, and short stories written by rural health care professionals on the experiences of doctors and nurses practicing medicine in rural environments, such as farms, reservations, and migrant camps. The pieces explore the benefits and burdens of new technology, the dilemmas in making ethically sound decisions, and the trials of caring for patients in a broken system. Alternately compelling, thought provoking, and moving, they speak of the diversity of rural health care providers, the range of patients served in rural communities, the variety of settings that comprise the rural United States, and the resources and challenges health care providers and patients face today.
“In this collection we hear the voices of men and women who provide care and facilitate healing in modern rural settings. . . . These storytellers, essayists, and poets live in small towns across the rural United States. They marvel, grumble, cry, grapple and meditate on the beauty and challenges they encounter in their healing practices.”
—from the Introduction
Physiology and Pathology of Chloride Transporters and Channels in the Nervous System: From Molecules to Diseases
Francisco J. Alvarez-Leefmans and Eric Delpire
The importance of chloride ions in cell physiology has not been fully recognized until recently, in spite of the fact that chloride (Cl-), together with bicarbonate, is the most abundant free anion in animal cells, and performs or determines fundamental biological functions in all tissues. For many years it was thought that Cl- was distributed in thermodynamic equilibrium across the plasma membrane of most cells. Research carried out during the last couple of decades has led to a dramatic change in this simplistic view. We now know that most animal cells, neurons included, exhibit a non-equilibrium distribution of Cl- across their plasma membranes. Over the last 10 to 15 years, with the growth of molecular biology and the advent of new optical methods, an enormous amount of exciting new information has become available on the molecular structure and function of Cl- channels and carriers. In nerve cells, Cl- channels and carriers play key functional roles in GABA- and glycine-mediated synaptic inhibition, neuronal growth and development, extracellular potassium scavenging, sensory-transduction, neurotransmitter uptake and cell volume control. Disruption of Cl- homeostasis in neurons underlies pathological conditions such as epilepsy, deafness, imbalance, brain edema and ischemia, pain and neurogenic inflammation. This book is about how chloride ions are regulated and how they cross the plasma membrane of neurons. It spans from molecular structure and function of carriers and channels involved in Cl- transport to their role in various diseases.
Maher S. Amer
Raman spectroscopy provides a critical characterization tool in analytical chemistry. This book presents the fundamentals of raman spectroscopy outside the focus of physics to offer an accessible guide to scientists working in the broad area of soft materials. The book is organized into four sections with the first devoted to an introduction to Raman spectroscopy which includes scattering theory and instrumentation. The following sections are devoted to application areas including polymers and colloids, food science, drug delivery, defense, and medical.
Pascal Hitzler and Henrik Scharfe
Exploring fundamental research questions, Conceptual Structures in Practice takes you through the basic yet nontrivial task of establishing conceptual relations as the foundation for research in knowledge representation and knowledge mining. It includes contributions from leading researchers in both the conceptual graph and formal concept analysis (FCA) communities.
This accessible, self-contained book begins by providing the formal background in FCA and conceptual graphs. It then describes various software tools for analysis and computation, including the ToscanaJ suite. Written by the original visionaries of the field, the next section discusses the history and future directions of conceptual structures. The final chapters explore prominent application areas in computer science, including text analysis, web semantics, and intelligent systems.
An unprecedented, state-of-the-art overview from innovators in the field, this volume discusses how FCA and conceptual graphs can be used in many computer science areas. It serves as a benchmark of research on conceptual structures, inspiring further exploration in this discipline.
Post Keynesian analysis of monetary production have not provided much attention to households as institutions, while a good deal of the literature in feminist economics discusses households in a strictly microeconomic context, with little consideration of monetary phenomena. This book, a unique study of the capitalist economy, utilizes a distinctive combination of Post Keynesian, institutional and gender analysis to examine household economics in capitalist society in order to flesh out the gaps in each. The author poses questions that cut across rigidly determined areas of inquiry, such as gender and money and micro- and macroeconomic analysis. She grounds the discussion of households and their social and financial relations within a monetary theory of production, provides many methodological, theoretical, and policy formulation insights to establish a framework that illuminates current problems of household debt. The book connects the three aforementioned traditions in heterodox economics and offers to the reader a stimulating discussion of contemporary capitalist relations. Academics, post-graduate and undergraduate readers in institutional, Post Keynesian, social and feminist economics will enjoy the new perspectives in this book
Pascal Hitzler, Markus Krotzsch, Sebastian Rudolph, and York Sure
Das Buch Semantic Web – Grundlagen vermittelt als erstes deutschsprachiges Lehrbuch in verständlicher Weise die Grundlagen des Semantic Web. Es ermöglicht einen einfachen und zügigen Einstieg in Methoden und Technologien des Semantic Web und kann z.B. als solide Grundlage für die Vorbereitung und Durchführung von Vorlesungen genutzt werden. Die Autoren trennen dabei sauber zwischen einer intuitiven Hinführung zur Verwendung semantischer Technologien in der Praxis einerseits, und der Erklärung formaler und theoretischer Hintergründe andererseits. Nur für letzteres werden Grundkenntnisse in Logik vorausgesetzt, die sich bei Bedarf jedoch durch zusätzliche Lektüre und mit Hilfe eines entsprechenden Kapitels im Anhang aneignen lassen.
Das Lehrbuch richtet sich primär an Studenten mit Grundkenntnissen in Informatik sowie an interessierte Praktiker welche sich im Bereich Semantic Web fortbilden möchten.
Julie Lindquist and David Seitz
This rhetoric begins with the question "What is Literacy?" and invites the reader to think and write about literacy as a field of study. The study of how people become literate, the role of literacy in society, and what forms literacy takes is important in many disciplines such as English, Rhetoric, Education, Sociology, and Anthropology. In The Elements of Literacy, students are specifically asked to consider five aspects or "sites" of literacy -- the mind (cognitive studies), culture (doing ethnographic research), class (the effects of social class on literacy practices), the workplace, and digital/multimodal literacies.