Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

David Dolson (Committee Member), William Feld (Advisor), David Grossie (Committee Member), Joseph F. Thomas, Jr. (Other), Kenneth Turnbull (Other)

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


A series of 1,3-di-substituted-imidazolium lithium phthalocyanines, in which the substituents on the imidazolium nitrogens were combinations of methyl, ethyl, pentyl, hexyl, isopropyl, adamantyl or 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl groups, was synthesized. The cation exchange of a single lithium ion of dilithium phthalocyanine for a 1,3-disubstituted-imidazolium ion was performed by mixing their salts in common organic solvents under ambient conditions. This afforded a number of imidazolium lithium phthalocyanines in moderate yields. They exhibited poor solubility in most solvents. Their composition and purity were initially verified by 1H and 13C-NMR and elemental analysis. The 1H-NMR spectra also indicated that the imidazolium and lithium phthalocyanine ions are present in a 1:1 ratio. Infrared spectra confirmed the C-C and C-N stretching modes that are characteristic of phthalocyanine and imidazolium aromatic structures. UV-Vis spectra for each compound showed essentially no change in absorption from that of dilithium phthalocyanine, which suggests a lack of influence of the imidazolium ions. Thermal properties of the title compounds were determined through melting points and TGA, in which high melting temperatures (330-370°C) were seen for several complexes and lowered thermal stability was seen for all. The crystal structure of the bis(adamantyl)imidazolium derivative was determined through X-ray diffraction. It was found that water molecules are associated to imidazolium and lithium phthalocyanine ions through hydrogen-bonding, which is possibly the basis for crystallization in imidazolium-lithium-phthalocyanines.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Chemistry

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Chemistry Commons