Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Arthur Goshtasby (Committee Member), Lang Hong (Advisor), Michael Temple (Committee Member), Zhiqiang (john) Wu (Committee Member), Kefu Xue (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Modern frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar technology provides the ability to modify the system transmission frequency as a function of time, which in turn provides the ability to generate multiple output waveforms from a single radar unit. Current low-power multi-waveform FMCW radar techniques lack the ability to reliably associate measurements from the various waveform sections in the presence of multiple targets and multiple false detections within the field-of-view. Two approaches are developed here to address this problem.

The first approach takes advantage of the relationships between the waveform segments to generate a weighting function for candidate combinations of measurements from the waveform sections. This weighting function is then used to choose the best candidate combinations to form polar-coordinate measurements. Simulations show that this approach provides a ten to twenty percent increase in the probability of correct association over the current approach while reducing the number of false alarms in generated in the process, but still fails to form a measurement if a detection form a waveform section is missing.

The second approach models the multi-waveform FMCW radar as a set of independent sensors and uses distributed data fusion to fuse estimates from those individual sensors within a tracking structure. Tracking in this approach is performed directly with the raw frequency and angle measurements from the waveform segments. This removes the need for data association between the measurements from the individual waveform segments.

A distributed data fusion model is used again to modify the radar tracking systems to include a video sensor to provide additional angular and identification information into the system. The combination of the radar and vision sensors, as an end result, provides an enhanced roadside tracking system.

Page Count


Department or Program

Ph.D. in Engineering

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Engineering Commons