Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay
This book consolidates various aspects of nanomaterials, highlighting their versatility as well as how the same materials can be used in seemingly diverse applications spanning across disciplines. It captures the multi-disciplinary and multi-functional aspects of nanomaterials in a holistic way. Chapters address the key attributes of nanoscale materials that make them special and desirable as novel materials; functionality that emerges based on these unique attributes; multiple uses of nanomaterials incuding combining properties and materials selection, and then separate chapters devoted to energy, biomedical materials, environmental applications, and chemical engineering applications.
Evan W. Osborne
This book is designed for non-business/economics students who are enrolled in my Survey of Economics class and who after it is over will probably never set foot in an economics classroom again. But I hope it is accessible too to a more general audience. It is designed to be the economics that citizens of a democratic republic need to know.
Harry J. Khamis
The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.
Mark Q. Sutton, Kristin D. Sobolik, and Jill Gardner
Paleonutrition is the analysis of prehistoric human diets and the interpretation of dietary intake in relation to health and nutrition. As a field of study, it addresses prehistoric diets in order to determine the biological and cultural implications for individuals as well as for entire populations, placing archaeological interpretations into an anthropological context. Throughout history, and long before written records, human culture has been constantly in flux. The study of paleonutrition provides valuable insights into shifts and changes in human history, whatever their causes.
This is the most comprehensive and up-to-date book on the topic. Intended for students and professionals, it describes the nature of paleonutrition studies, reviews the history of paleonutrition research, discusses methodological issues in the reconstruction of prehistoric diets, presents theoretical frameworks frequently used in paleonutrition research, and showcases examples in which paleonutritional analyses have been successfully conducted on prehistoric individuals, groups, and populations. It offers an integrative approach to understanding state-of-the-art anthropological dietary, health, and nutritional assessments. The most recent and innovative methods used to reconstruct prehistoric diets are discussed, along with the major ways in which paleonutrition data are recovered, analyzed, and interpreted.
Paleonutrition includes five contemporary case studies that provide useful models of how to conduct paleonutrition research. Topics range from ancient diets in medieval Nubia to children’s health in the prehistoric American Southwest to honey use by an ethnographic group of East African foragers. As well as providing interesting examples of applying paleonutrition techniques, these case studies illustrate the mutually beneficial linkages between ethnography and archaeology.
Physiology and Pathology of Chloride Transporters and Channels in the Nervous System: From Molecules to Diseases
Francisco J. Alvarez-Leefmans and Eric Delpire
The importance of chloride ions in cell physiology has not been fully recognized until recently, in spite of the fact that chloride (Cl-), together with bicarbonate, is the most abundant free anion in animal cells, and performs or determines fundamental biological functions in all tissues. For many years it was thought that Cl- was distributed in thermodynamic equilibrium across the plasma membrane of most cells. Research carried out during the last couple of decades has led to a dramatic change in this simplistic view. We now know that most animal cells, neurons included, exhibit a non-equilibrium distribution of Cl- across their plasma membranes. Over the last 10 to 15 years, with the growth of molecular biology and the advent of new optical methods, an enormous amount of exciting new information has become available on the molecular structure and function of Cl- channels and carriers. In nerve cells, Cl- channels and carriers play key functional roles in GABA- and glycine-mediated synaptic inhibition, neuronal growth and development, extracellular potassium scavenging, sensory-transduction, neurotransmitter uptake and cell volume control. Disruption of Cl- homeostasis in neurons underlies pathological conditions such as epilepsy, deafness, imbalance, brain edema and ischemia, pain and neurogenic inflammation. This book is about how chloride ions are regulated and how they cross the plasma membrane of neurons. It spans from molecular structure and function of carriers and channels involved in Cl- transport to their role in various diseases.
Julie Lindquist and David Seitz
This rhetoric begins with the question "What is Literacy?" and invites the reader to think and write about literacy as a field of study. The study of how people become literate, the role of literacy in society, and what forms literacy takes is important in many disciplines such as English, Rhetoric, Education, Sociology, and Anthropology. In The Elements of Literacy, students are specifically asked to consider five aspects or "sites" of literacy -- the mind (cognitive studies), culture (doing ethnographic research), class (the effects of social class on literacy practices), the workplace, and digital/multimodal literacies.
Teaching Grammar with Perfect Poems for Middle School: Engaging Lessons with Model Poems That Motivate Kids to Learn Grammar and Write Well
Ten reproducible poems that have middle-school appeal are paired with complete lessons to target key grammar concepts—predicate adjectives, direct objects, gerunds, clauses, compound sentences, and more. Nancy Mack's lessons provide a scaffold for students to grasp each concept and then use it skillfully in their own writing. Includes lively student models, literature links, and step-by-step publishing activities that help embed grammar instruction within the context of real writing. For use with Grades 6-8.
Michelle Oberman and Cheryl L. Meyer
Why would one even want to talk to a mother who killed her children? So horrific is this crime that the thought of sitting in the same room with such a person brings a twinge of revulsion, an involuntary shiver, even after having spent hours in conversation with these very women. But now, at least for us, the revulsion is directed outward, at the crime, rather than at the women themselves.
We set out to speak with mothers who kill because, after almost two decades of studying these women's cases, we realized that no one had ever really talked to them. Many had told their stories for them - experts, journalists, lawyers - but no one had ever asked the women if these stories had gotten it right, or even whether they had some thoughts of their own on what had gone wrong.
Donald M. Waller and Thomas P. Rooney
Straddling temperate forests and grassland biomes and stretching along the coastline of two Great Lakes, Wisconsin contains tallgrass prairie and oak savanna, broadleaf and coniferous forests, wetlands, natural lakes, and rivers. But, like the rest of the world, the Badger State has been transformed by urbanization and sprawl, population growth, and land-use change. For decades, industry and environment have attempted to coexist in Wisconsin—and the dynamic tensions between economic progress and environmental protection makes the state a fascinating microcosm for studying global environmental change.
The Vanishing Present brings together a distinguished set of contributors—including scientists, naturalists, and policy experts—to examine how human pressures on Wisconsin’s changing lands, waters, and wildlife have redefined the state’s ecology. Though they focus on just one state, the authors draw conclusions about changes in temperate habitats that can be applied elsewhere, and offer useful insights into future of the ecology, conservation, and sustainability of Wisconsin and beyond.
A fitting tribute to the home state of Aldo Leopold and John Muir, The Vanishing Present is an accessible and timely case study of a significant ecosystem and its response to environmental change.
Evan W. Osborne
Against the backdrop of Enron and the other high-profile cases of corporate malfeasance, it is easy to paint today's executives as villains and blame big business, and corporations generally, for a wide array of social ills. Is the criticism warranted? Not quite, says Evan Osborne, as he traces the history of anti-corporate sentiment and assesses the fever-pitch hatred, by some, of all things corporate. While not perfect angels, Osborne argues, corporations confer many more benefits to society than ills. Moreover, they are an essential engine of human progress, and longstanding legal principles are more than adequate to address their flaws. And that makes the rising tide of anti-corporate sentiment dangerous.
Why? Look at the facts: Large corporations inspire both awe and fear. On the one hand, they create jobs, introduce scientific and technological breakthroughs, open up borders through trade, and provide indispensable products and services that make life easier. On the other hand, many think they undermine the will of the people, encourage bribery and corruption, finance oppressive regimes, ruin values and culture, befoul the environment, and encourage economic inequality. It was no accident that the terrorists of September 11 targeted the World Trade Center, an iconic symbol of American financial power. In this provocative book, Evan Osborne pulls back the curtain to illuminate how corporations have evolved as an essential element of society, and how opposition to them has developed out of proportion—a fire fanned by anti-business activists, the media, and other groups. He sets the record straight, explaining how corporations work, how they have evolved in the context of other institutions, the net benefits they provide—and how to deal with their undeniable imperfections. At the same time, he shows how anti-business claims have become more strident and where these arguments fail to stand up to scrutiny.
L. Cook, D. Misra, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, W. Wong-Ng, O. Leonte, and K. Sundaram
Papers presented at the symposium on "Interfaces in Electronic Materials," held during the joint annual meetings of The Electrochemical Society and the Electronics Division of the American Ceramic Society, October 12-16, 2003 in Orlando, Florida.
Teaching Grammar with Playful Poems: Engaging Lessons with Model Poems by Favorite Poets That Motivate Kids to Learn Grammar
No kidding, this is a collection of grammar lessons that teachers and students will love! Poems by Jack Prelutski, Shel Silverstein, and others who take a playful approach to language introduce each grammar concept—from parts of speech to sentence construction and agreement. Lessons include an engaging modeled writing activity, provide helpful ways to explain grammar concepts to students, and support student understanding with hands-on extension activities that appeal to all types of learners.
Stephen Paul Foster Ph.D.
Dr. Stephen Foster (author of Melancholy Duty, Kluwer, 1997) has undertaken a critique of American decadence and moral squalor. He argues that three basic cultural phenomena have conjoined to warp and degrade the moral and cultural landscape of the country. Treated together for purposes of critique these phenomena have intertwined in the national psyche. They are the impact of personalism (via J. J. Rosseau) and the leveraged individual, the growth of the therapeutic state and the overwhelming preoccupation with entertainment. The author suggests the moral and cultural quandary these "states" have wrought and the attendant loss of artistic, moral and social integrity that the United States has suffered.
Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials and Trends in LIGA, Miniaturization, and Nanoscale Materials: Fifth MPMD Global Innovations Symposium
Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Sudipta Seal, Narendra B. Dahotre, Arvind Agarwal, John E. Smugeresky, and Neville Moody
This volume combines the proceedings of two prominent symposia presented by TMS's Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division (MPMD).
Papers from the Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials Symposium bring together experts working on different aspects of study, such as fabrication, characterization, modification, and modeling, to identify and address important issues, such as structure-chemistry-property relationships; surface engineering approaches in the nanoscale regime; chemistry and atomic bonding at interfaces; kinetics, diffusion paths, and related effects at interfaces; fabrication of "bulk" nanostructures; and advances in interfacial modification/engineering techniques.
Proceedings from the Global Innovations Symposium on Materials Processing and Manufacturing: Trends in LIGA, Miniaturization, and Nanoscale Materials, the fifth in a series sponsored by the MPMD, provide description, insight, challenges, and projections for advances in miniaturized part manufacturing, evaluation, and applications. This collection provides a visionary look to where investments in materials research are likely to occur and what areas in materials R&D are ripe for discoveries that will have major impact on quality of life.
Through ethnographic research with students, this book contends that many composition teachers’ training in critical theory may lead them to misread implicit social meanings in working class, minority, and immigrant students’ writing and thinking. The author examines how the local perspectives and discursive strategies of students from these backgrounds often complicate the translation of these theories to practice. The core of the book analyzes three common places of critical writing pedagogy: instrumentalism, difference and resistance from the viewpoints; lived experiences; and social positions of these students.
The book also chronicles the re-education of the author as a critical writing teacher in response to the complications raised by the students in his ethnographic research as he moves from a university serving urban multicultural students to one that serves primarily White working and middle-class students from rural and suburban backgrounds. For each of the three common places of critical writing pedagogy that the students’ experiences and positions complicate, the author offers pedagogical responses in the form of concrete assignments and curriculum design as well as reflections on the process of the teaching approaches and discussion of students' writing projects. His pedagogy ultimately asserts that students need to build their own critical theories inductively, rather than deductively applying others’ theories, if they are going to be internally persuaded that critical theory holds any value for their lives outside college.
Kristin D. Sobolik
Inclusion of botanical and zoological remains in archaeological analysis has dramatically increased since the advent of the New Archaeology. Yet most archaeologists have a limited knowledge of what archaeobiologists do and how their work can improve archaeological research and interpretation. In this handy volume, Kristin Sobolik outlines the major activities of archaeobiologists, the kinds of analyses they can provide to an archaeological project, and how biological specialists could and should be involved in project design and implementation. She also outlines factors that influence preservation of plant and animal remains and how project archaeologists should properly collect and analyze specimens. This brief work is an important guide for students starting in archaeobiology and for other archaeologists who use their work.
John E. Northrup, Jörg Neugebauer, David C. Look, Shigefusa F. Chichibu, and Henning Riechert
This book focuses on three main themes. Theme one - advances in basic science. Point defects, dislocations, doping, the properties of nitride alloys with a special emphasis on localization phenomena and GaAsN alloys (which are very promising for long-wavelength emitters), transport and optical properties are also featured. Theme two - growth and growth-related issues. Significant advances have been made in understanding/improving all major nitride growth techniques (MBE, MOCVD, HVPE). Techniques such as ELOG and the development of bulk-like substrates are receiving attention as methods to reduce the number of dislocations. Theme three - devices. Tremendous progress has been reported in device design and optimization, and also in understanding device processing issues such as p-contacts, laser lift-off, and etching. Overall, the book offers a broad exchange of scientific knowledge and technical expertise. Topics include: molecular beam epitaxy and growth kinetics; point defects and doping; light emitters; nitride alloys and lateral epitaxy; quantum wells; transport and optical properties; vapor phase epitaxy; extended defects; electronic devices and processing.
Timothy C. Cope
Traumatic injuries of the spinal cord continue to be the most common cause of permanent paralysis in young adults in the United States. New information has emerged on the response of spinal neurons to injury of either the spinal cord or peripheral nerves demonstrating that dendrites of injured motoneurons take on characteristics of axons. These and other new developments have helped to promote an exciting new era in the study of spinal cord neurobiology.
Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord provides a description of the recent conceptual and technical advances in the field. It provides a description of the new experimental tools available for investigating the neuronal properties that allow populations of spinal cord neurons to control muscles responsible for limb movements and posture. It covers topics ranging from genetics to kinematics and examines cells, tissues, or whole animals in species ranging from fish to humans that are normal, injured, or diseased.
By integrating data derived from many new approaches, you'll learn about how spinal cord circuits operate under a variety conditions and about new and exciting inroads being made in motor neurobiology of the spinal cord. Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord elucidates concepts and principles relevant to function and structure throughout the nervous system and presents information about changes induced by injury and disease.
Ghislaine McDayter, Guinn Batten, and Barry Milligan
These essays express a common belief that the study of Romantic literature must be at once professionally serious and personally engaging. Topics discussed range from Wordsworth to Lady Caroline Lamb, and from Blake and Burke to the contemporary Irish poet Paul Muldoon. Each essay also offers close readings of essential works on English and Irish Romanticism. Introducing the collection is a tribute by the celebrated Romanticist Peter Manning.
Cheryl L. Meyer, Michelle Oberman, Kelly White, Michelle Rone, Priya Batra, and Tara C. Proano
There is every reason to believe that infanticide is as old as human society itself, and that no culture has been immune. Throughout history, the crime of infanticide has reflected specific cultural norms and imperatives. For instance, infanticide was legal throughout the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome, and was justified on grounds ranging from population control to eugenics to illegitimacy. Archeological evidence suggests that infant sacrifice was commonplace among early peoples, including the Vikings, Irish Celts, Gauls, and Phoenicians.
Historians of infanticide cite a host of factors associated with the incidence of this crime: poverty, overpopulation, laws governing inheritance, customs relating to nonmarital children, religious and/or superstitious beliefs regarding disability, eugenics, and maternal madness. This broad range of explanations for the act of a mother killing her child suggests that infanticide takes quite different forms in different cultures. Indeed, there is no intuitively obvious link between the exposure of disabled or otherwise ill-fated newborns in ancient Greece, for example, and the practice of female infanticide in modern-day India.
Nonetheless, a close examination of the circumstances surrounding infanticide reveals a profound commonality linking these seemingly unrelated crimes. Specifically, infanticide may be seen as a response to the societal construction of and constraints upon mothering. Factors such as poverty, stigma, dowry, and disability are significant because they foretell the impact that an additional baby will have upon a mother, as well as upon her existing family.
The Research Process explains, models, and analyzes the recursive process of conducting research and writing research papers. The text - along with the dedicated website and free student CD-ROM - provides exceptional guidance on writing substantive research papers using print and electronic sources and emphasizes the enjoyment and rewards that research writing offers.
Jacob H. Dorn
Despite an anti-religious reputation and the anti-religious worldview of many members, the American Socialist movement held a primarily religious and moral attraction for a small but highly articulate group of American Christians of diverse religious tradition. This study explores the dramatic and at times dangerous lives of individuals who found in the vibrant, growing socialist movement before World War I the grounds for hope that the biblical ideals of human worth and economic justice would at last be fulfilled. Its subjects are male and female, black and white, native- and foreign-born, clergy and lay people, and products of Christian traditions ranging from African-American Baptist to Episcopalian. Readers will find not Milquetoasts standing hesitantly on the sidelines, but Christians with an unequivocal commitment to the complete socialist program who made major contributions to socialist work as authors, political candidates, and party leaders.
Biographical chapters examine the interaction between their subjects' experiences amidst the suffering of an urban-industrial society and their religious commitments, the perspectives on the meaning of socialism they brought to their work for the Socialist Party of America, and their careers after war and the rise of communism shattered the socialist movement. These biographies and an introductory chapter on the wider relationships between religion and socialism in Progressive-era America demonstrate that Christians made quite substantial contributions to the party, and that, far from being a monolithic group, they spread out across the spectrum of socialist ideology and tactics. Other issues include attempts to spread socialism within the churches, the Socialist Party's debates over religion, Roman Catholic efforts to prevent Catholic workers' acceptance of socialism, and the ethical qualities that made socialism appealing to Christians.
Marjorie L. McLellan
Six Generations Here is a unique collection of words and photographs taken across the first half of the 20th century by Wisconsin dairy farmer Alexander Krueger and his descendants. The Kruegers turned the camera lens on their Dodge County farm, its environs, their family, and the networks of kin that framed their lives. Their photographs and family stories comprise a unique record not only of who the Kruegers were but also of how they sought to be remembered.
Cheryl L. Meyer
From the FDA review of RU-486 to the recent growth of fertility clinics to the rights of lesbian parents, women's reproductive lives are aggressively regulated by law and medicine. While a great deal has been written on such issues as abortion and postpartum depression, no single volume has offered a broad discussion of the interface between the legal, medical, and political aspects of women's reproduction in a manner accessible and informative to non-specialists.The Wandering Uterus fills that gap. Taking her title from an ancient Greek belief that women's health problems were caused by a wandering uterus that needed to be confined and controlled, Meyer exposes the way in which myths and prejudice about female sexuality continue to influence the practice of law and medicine today.
This book offers new insights and provides a wealth of up-to-date information on a subject that changes every day. The text is divided into three main parts: political issues of pre- conception, the politics of pregnancy, and the politics of motherhood. Throughout, Meyer argues passionately that while technology and medicine must progress, they should not be allowed to do so at women's expense.
This comprehensive guide to writing research papers presents the research process not only as information gathering but also as an opportunity to generate new knowledge and challenge established opinions. Throughout, it advocates the use of technology (including word processing, computerized information services, on-line searches) as it guides students through the process of constructing a research paper.